Disability Profiles Vision & Hearing Loss

Blind Rhythm And The Battle Rapper

After malpractice took his vision away, Kennedy Ayikwao regained his confidence rapping in the streets of Ghana.

Like any young, aspiring rapper, Kennedy Ayikwao oozes confidence. He’s not shy to point out he inspires himself; he brags that he will win a national music award for his work within a year.

His raps are about his favorite subject: himself. He raps about his life, his struggles, his ambitions, and his love for his art. Surrounded by friends and fans at his university campus in the West African nation of Ghana, Ayikwao–whose stage name is Kenzey– is most in his element spitting rhymes, rap-battling with a friend to a beat made by a crowd slapping their chests and feet.

Ayikwao puts all the money that comes his way into recording and promoting his music. He jokes that he is living off rice so he can pay to get his latest single out there to the masses.

So in most ways, Ayikwao is the quintessential rapper. The only difference is, Ayikwao can’t see what’s going on around him. After losing his sight as a child due to a medical accident, the University of Ghana student, now 22, uses rap to talk about his experiences as a sight-challenged person living in Africa, and to speak out for the vulnerable in his society.

Born in the capital Accra, where he now studies, Ayikwao started losing his sight when he was four. It was a gradual, and unfortunate loss, he says. At four, Ayikwao’s family first noticed he had issues with his sight when his father handed him a toy airplane. He was unable to locate it. 

Ayikwao’s family took him to the hospital, where it was discovered there was something wrong with his right eye. He was prescribed a corrective lens, but the prescription was switched, so that the lens meant for his right eye was instead prescribed for the left eye. “Gradually, it affected the sight in my left eye,” Ayikwao says. “It didn’t solve the problem, but rather brought on another problem. That was when [sight] became difficult for me.”

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Ayikwau and his posse of fellow students at the University of Ghana.

As his vision became poorer, Ayikwao fell behind in school, unable to read from the chalk board. He was left back multiple times before he eventually learned to read braille. As hard as days were, though, nights were even more difficult for young Ayikwao. “That was when I felt like the whole world was against me,” remembers Ayikwao. “I couldn’t see in the night. I thought I was the only person with this problem in the whole wide world. I said to myself: why am I odd? Why am I like this?” He felt like his “existence was going to be worthless.”

Depression followed. Ayikwao went through a phase of not wanting to leave the house; he stayed in his room all day, crying. But soon, the shy child realized he needed to pull himself together. He couldn’t spend the rest of his life in a bedroom that was fading away with his sight. When his father bought him a bike, Ayikwao decided to learn to ride it, taking advantage of the sight he still had, while he still could.

“The bicycle kept my mind busy,” he remembers. “I kept roaming as a means through which to get to know places. I used to roam a lot. I was a roaming ambassador!”

When Ayikwao finally lost his sight completely around 2007, he was moved to a boarding school for the blind in the eastern region of Ghana. Eventually, he graduated, and moved on to the University of Ghana in Accra, where he still studies. But life is a challenge; Ayikwao is quick to note the realities of being blind in Ghana.

“I have to make use of those around me,” he says. “I can’t be fully independent.” For example, the cedi–Ghana’s national currency–has not been designed with visually impaired users in mind. “It’s not like the dollar, where there are marks on it to make it possible for visually impaired to identify the amount they have.” You have to show it to someone to check for you to see how much the bill is for.

Luckily, Ayikwao has a right-hand man to rely on, both on campus and on the stage: his manager and fellow student, Alex Kwaku Frimpong. Not only does Frimpong help Ayikwao get by on a day-to-day basis… he helps Ayikwao pursue his life’s major passion, rap.

Kensey and his manager

Kenzey and his best friend and manager, Alex Kwaku Frimpong.

Before he started rapping, Ayikwao was always singing. As a child, he would pick up songs easily, singing boisterously in church and at family gatherings. In 2011, though, he started rapping. At first, he practiced by reciting the rhymes of Sarkodie, Ghana’s most famous rapper, but soon, his friends were encouraging him to come up with original tracks.

As his stage persona, Kenzey, Ayikwao combines English, a local dialect called Twi, and pidgin English to express himself through his music. This year he released a track that details his life history, called ‘I’m A Star’. He sings and raps through it, detailing the inspiration his late mother gave him, assuring him he would one day ‘be a star’.

“My music is about my whole life. It is self-inspired and spirited,” he says. His inspiration comes from the things that have happened to him, and the dreams he has; like a rapping Coleridge, Ayikwao says he sometimes dreams entire songs, then wakes up and puts them down to paper.

His music has been key to empowering him as a sight-challenged student living in Ghana, but Ayikwao wants to do more than inspire himself. He also wants to inspire others to achieve greatness in their lives. He hopes that by creating and performing his music, he will be able to advocate on the behalf of others who are visually impaired.

In Ghana, sometimes a person who has a disability is seen as a punishment from God. Luckily, Ayikwao says these beliefs are changing. “Culturally, [blind people] have not been treated fairly [in Ghana] but education is permeating very fast, so at least it is working, [teaching] people to recognize that me and my kind are not so different from them.”

The future feels bright for Ayikwao. He sees awards in his future. 

“With my music, right now I am very confident that if I get enough support I won’t be far from getting an award next year at the Ghana Music Awards.”

But Ayikwao is also serious about his studies. After completing his political science and philosophy degrees, he wants to study law, with the ultimate plan being a human rights lawyer, keeping his music career going alongside this profession.

Working in human rights will be a way to further advocate for Ghana’s vulnerable, he says. “People get their rights trampled on based on their disabilities,” says Ayikwao. His goal is to change that. He wants his work, both in the studio and the court, to be an “eye opener” in Ghana, changing the way those without disabilities see the blind… and even helping to change the way the blind in Ghana see themselves.